Types Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune, progressive disease in which the immunity of our body is confused and starts attacking our own healthy tissues. The disease mainly affects joints. But it can also affect ligaments, tendons, and other systemic organs. There are various types of rheumatoid arthritis.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis is the RA occurring in children below the age of 16. In this too, there are three types, viz. polyarticular, pauciarticular and systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. In polyarticular JRA, five or more joints are affected. It is one of the most dangerous types of rheumatoid arthritis and needs to be controlled as soon as possible by aggressive treatment. Pauciarticular JRA or oligoarthritis attacks four or less joints and occurs more in girls than in boys. Systemic JRA or Still’s disease is the type which starts with high fever and rashes which occur and go suddenly and involve the internal organs too. In all types of JRA, pain, stiffness and swelling of joints are the common symptoms and it is good to detect and treat JRA early so that the child won’t suffer more in future.

Another type of rheumatoid arthritis is ankylosing spondylitis. It involves intense back pain and inflammation of spine and larger joints. The joints like elbows and knees are mostly affected in this type. The occurrence of this RA is thrice in men than in women.

Polymyalgia rheumatica is a type which shows symptoms like aching and stiffness. This type of RA affects ligaments, muscles, tendons and tissues around the joints.

One of the types of rheumatoid arthritis is hip rheumatoid arthritis, which affects normally the smaller joints and tendons and usually occurs at a later stage of life.

Another is knee rheumatoid arthritis in which joints of knees become tender, swollen, stiff and obviously painful.

Cervical spondylosis is one more type of rheumatoid arthritis which is more commonly can be referred to as age-related wear and tear. It mainly affects joints in the neck.

One more type of rheumatoid arthritis is lupus. In medical terminology it is called systemic lupus erythematosus. It is a chronic inflammatory disease. Joint pain and inflammation occur in this, along with symptoms in other body organs too. Kidney disorder, lung and heart impairment, neurological symptoms, lesions and rashes are some of the symptoms. It is strange that the patients suffering from this type of RA generally don’t have to face any joint destruction. However, in the long run, bone deformities occur without erosion. This is also an autoimmune disorder.

Whichever is the type of rheumatoid arthritis, barring a few exceptions, joint pain, inflammation, swelling and tenderness are its common symptoms. It is a complicated disease in terms of diagnosis. No decisive test is available to ensure its presence. Therefore, you should know all the types and their symptoms in detail. So that when some of the symptoms occur in yourself or anybody you know, you can get the diagnosis done and start the treatment in time.

Typically, this disease occurs anywhere between the age of 30 and 70 or more. But children too suffer from this disease and if they are left untreated, they can suffer much in future. Therefore you should know all types of rheumatoid arthritis thoroughly, so as to remain careful about yourself and your dear ones.

Types Of Rheumatoid Arthritis